To revert a commit in git you can use the
git revert command, this undoes all the changes of the given commit with a new commit. But what if you only want to revert one specific file to a specific revision?
First you need to identify the revision that you are after by using the
git log command, you can see the history of a specific file by appending it to the command:
$ git log README.txt commit 20f4b96db867e471b16b1392af0ffe05f2c5976e (HEAD -> feature-c) Author: Mark Cornelissen <firstname.lastname@example.org> Date: Thu Oct 7 20:03:20 2021 +0200 Adding even more text, and FILE2 commit 30d3c934363f7effe51ac528cd1ce16dbab2bf57 Author: Mark Cornelissen <email@example.com> Date: Thu Oct 7 20:02:28 2021 +0200 Adding some more text and FILE1 commit d2bcd858aadf352f0fb33fe33249a972e08e3301 (origin/trunk, origin/HEAD, trunk) Author: Mark Cornelissen <firstname.lastname@example.org> Date: Sat Nov 7 08:50:17 2020 +0100 Initial commit
Then use the git checkout command to get the version that you want to restore:
$ git checkout 30d3c934363f7effe51ac528cd1ce16dbab2bf57 -- README.txt $ git status On branch feature-c Changes to be committed: (use "git restore --staged <file>..." to unstage) modified: README.txt
The selected revision is now staged for commit, you can now either make further changes to it or commit it directly.
If you want to try the commands from this article you can get a copy of the repository I used from GitHub (and checkout branch feature-c though).